BRUCE J. SPENCER, MA, PhD, LMHC, LPCC, LMSW, NCC, Advanced Ethical Studies Certification, has nearly 40 years of experience as a clinician and administrator of inpatient mental health and chemical dependency programs, including 10 years of independent clinical practice. He holds a doctorate in psychology and has 10 years of experience as an adjunct professor of psychology. Specializing in ethical issues, he has over 1,000 hours of advanced education in ethics, a certification in Advanced Ethical Studies, and has presented ethics seminars for 30 years. He has written curricula for ethics and solution-focused treatment, published numerous articles about ethics, and has presented more than 100 day-long seminars nationwide. He is licensed in Washington (LMHC), New Mexico (LPCC), and Michigan (LMSW), as well as by the National Board of Counselors Association.